COURAGE AND BRAVERY:
Real courage and bravery is when you fight for something you believe in no matter what the consequences may be for yourself . This theme of courage and bravery is shown clearly throughout the novel through the character of Atticus Finch. He is an honest lawyer and one of the main characters in ”To kill a mockingbird”.
His show of bravery starts off when he confronts the “mad dog” when it was almost going to attack the people. He took the gun, shot the dog and saved the day. he did this despite the danger he put himself in. ( From Part 1)
His courage is further seen when he decides to take on the case of Tom Robinson, a black man who was wrongly accused of rape. Many people in Maycomb disapproved of this because they had racist views, but he does this anyway. He faces an angry mob outside the jail where Tom Robinson was held. They demanded that he dropped the case but he says no in a polite way, but remains strong about his views to defend Tom Robinson. (From part1). His involvement with the case starts to affect his children Jem and Scout. They end up getting racist remarks and insults at school. This results in fights between Scout and the other students at her school and she does this to defend her father. Atticus then speaks to Scout and tells her to be brave by not fighting and that non-violence is a high form of bravery and courage. ( From part 1 leading into Part 2)
Atticus knows that he will lose the case but his strong motivation and determination to stand by the truth gives him the courage to defend Tom Robinson. He also takes on the case to show the town they can choose if they want to hear the truth or not. Atticus showed true bravery when he went against the town of Maycomb which has racial prejudices against black people. All he wanted for the town of Maycomb to see, was the truth about Tom. “This boy might go to the chair, but he’s not going till the truth is told’’. ( From Part 2)
Alexandra, his sister, showed disappointment for his decision because she felt he was showing disgrace to their family. ( From Part 2)
Atticus went through with everything no matter what happened to him and he did not change his mind about defending Tom Robinson. Standing up for what he believed in was more important to him than what everyone else thought of him.
Sources: To Kill Mockingbird
Lawyers closing argument
Good afternoon ladies and gentlemen of the jury today is the day we close this re-trial of Tom Robinson after hearing all the facts.
No one else faced a threat on this day. The only person that did,was my client Tom Robinson. Tom had done what he had to do in order to help Mayella Ewell that day and like he always did every day. According to the judge and the jury and everyone in Maycomb , Tom Robinson actually raped Mayella, when in fact there was no such evidence. Instead of everyone judging the defendant’s action, we are now going to analyze this event from the client’s point of view and how it happened.
As character witnesses have shown in this trial, Tom Robinson is clearly an upright, truthful and kind person who would not even hurt a fly. In other words, my client would never use force on Mayella, or for that matter any other person. The girl actually came at him because she felt tempted to do so. She kissed a black man, which in our society is unspeakable.
My client had no choice but to defend himself from her, because he was shocked at what happened and he was trying to get away from her. Here we can clearly see that he had no intentions of hurting Mayella, but rather he was defending himself because something was happening to him. Tom Robinson has been judged by everyone around him because of his race and colour. He has been judged because he is a Black man. Sadly, much of our society today still carries with them racial prejudices and passes judgement based on this instead of looking at the real issue and its facts. Have we gone so far that we will pass judgement, based on our prejudices rather than the facts in front of us? My client was found guilty of this serious offence of having raped a woman, despite all the evidence that showed he did not do it. Everyone that knew Tom knew he was not guilty, they said nothing in his defence because they thought that taking a white man’s side was the right thing to do. But we know, ladies and gentlemen of the jury, that this is not right. We know that if a man is not guilty, whether he is black or white or yellow or any colour he should be set free!
I appeal to your sense of humanity and truthfulness and ask that, based on all the facts presented to you, that you set Tom Robinson free.
Nelle Harper Lee was born on April 28 1926.She lived in Monroeville, Alabama, United States. She was the youngest of 4 children. Harper attended school at Monroe Country High School, where she developed an interest in English Literature. She initially went to an all girls college then transferred to the University Of Alabama where she studied Law for several years . She stopped her studies in Law and pursued her passion for writing. In 1949 she moved to New York
Harper was most famous for her best-selling novel ” To Kill A Mocking Bird” which was published in 1960. In 1961 it won a Pulitzer Prize. Harper was also awarded the Presidential Medal Of Freedom.
February 19 2016 at the age of 89, Nelle Harper Lee died.
To Kill A Mocking Bird – Blurb
The novel To Kill A Mocking Bird takes place in a town called Maycomb in Alabama, USA. It tells the story of Scout Finch and her brother Jem who live with their father Atticus Finch. Atticus, who is a widower raises his children with the help of Calpurnia, their housekeeper.
To kill a mockingbird is to destroy innocence. When Atticus Finch, a lawyer, takes up the case of Tom Robison a black man who is accused of raping and beating up a woman, Scout and Jem have to deal with racist comments and insults because their father is taking this case. As the story unfolds a number of characters can be identified as mockingbirds and Scout and Jem are brought face to face with this reality.